Struts Programming Framework

Apache Struts is a free, open-source, MVC framework for creating elegant, modern Java web applications.

#What is Struts?

Struts Framework is an open-source, Model-View-Controller (MVC) framework used to build enterprise-level Java web applications. It provides a complete architecture to developers, making it easier to develop and maintain large-scale web applications.

#Struts Key Features


  • Provides a clean separation of concerns between presentation and business logic.
  • Offers pre-built components, such as form validation and file uploading, that can be easily integrated into applications.
  • Supports multiple view technologies, including JavaServer Pages (JSP), FreeMarker, and Velocity.
  • Offers built-in support for AJAX and RESTful web services.
  • Provides easy integration with other Java frameworks, such as Hibernate and Spring.
  • Offers extensive documentation and a large user community.

#Struts Use-Cases


  • Large-scale web applications with complex business logic.
  • Applications that require a high degree of reusability and maintainability.
  • Applications that require multiple view technologies.
  • Applications that require integration with other Java frameworks.

#Struts Pros

Advantages of using the Struts include:

  • Provides a well-defined architecture for developing web applications.
  • Offers pre-built components that can speed up development time.
  • Supports multiple view technologies, making it easier to choose the best fit for the application.
  • Offers extensive documentation and a large user community.
  • Easy integration with other Java frameworks.
  • Supports AJAX and RESTful web services.

#Struts Cons

Disadvantages of using the Struts include:

  • Steep learning curve for beginners.
  • Complex configuration and setup.
  • Can be verbose and require a lot of code to accomplish simple tasks.
  • Performance issues with large-scale applications.
  • Limited support for non-Java languages and frameworks.
  • Not actively maintained since the release of Struts 2.

#Struts Summary

Struts Java Framework is an open-source web application framework that offers built-in support for common web application development features, supports the MVC architectural pattern, and has a large community support, but can be complex to learn and may require additional configuration and setup compared to other Java frameworks.

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